Publication Ethics

Authorship and author responsibilities

Authorship policy ensures that all intellectual contributors are appropriately credited for their involvement in the work, as well as ensuring authors and contributors take responsibility for the final published material.

Named authorship

The following criteria should be observed: 

  • Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Provide approval for the publication of the content
  • Agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Author contribution

The authors’ contributions statement will be generated automatically based on the information provided, for example: - Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, investigation, final acquisition, resources, supervision, visualization, and validation.

Each of the co-authors must have participated in writing the original manuscript draft, and/or have critically reviewed and edited the manuscript.

Corresponding authors

The corresponding author takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal and editorial office during the submission process, throughout peer review, and during publication.

Changes in authorship

  • Require all authors to complete and sign the Authorship Change from below.
  • This includes any author being added or removed, as well as all other authors included on the original author
  • list.
  • Signing this form indicates consent to the change(s), and agreement with the new Author Contributions, Conflict of Interest, and Acknowledgment sections. 

Original content and duplicate publication

Authors confirm the submission of original content in the terms and conditions upon submission. Manuscripts submitted to the NNI bulletin must not have been previously published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere, either in whole or in part. If an article has been previously submitted for publication elsewhere, the NNI bulletin will only consider publication if the article has been definitively rejected by the other publisher(s) at the point of submission.

Plagiarism and duplication

NNI Bulletin only accepts published original content. Those manuscripts where plagiarism or duplication is shown to have occurred will not be considered for publication in the NNI bulletin. It is required that all submissions consist of content that has not been published previously. 


Our supportive preprint policy encourages full open access at all stages of a research paper, to share and generate knowledge researchers need to support their work. Also note that any manuscript files shared after submission to the NNI bulletin, during the review process, cannot contain the NNI bulletin logo or branding.

Name change policy

Name and pronoun changes can occur for many reasons so make sure your request includes the following information:

  • Reason for name change
  • Your former name, new name, email address, and ORCID ID
  • Your role as an author, editor, and/or reviewer
  • A list of your Frontiers publications, and/or Frontiers editing/reviewing assignment
  • Preference on whether this update is silent, or using a Corrigendum (see below for more information).
  • Once your form has been received and the change is confirmed, your previous publications and/or editing and reviewing assignments will be updated to reflect your new name/pronoun. 

Editorial Policies

Conflicts of interest

A conflict of interest can be anything potentially interfering with, or that could be perceived as interfering with, full and objective peer review, decision-making, or publication of articles submitted to the NNI bulletin. Personal, financial, and professional affiliations or relationships can be perceived as conflicts of interest. All authors and members of NNI editorial boards are required to disclose any actual and potential conflicts of interest at submission or upon accepting an editorial or review assignment.

Potential conflicts of interest: editors and reviewers

  • Review editors should also not be a member of the same family as the handling editor
  • Review editors should not accept assignments if they have a close professional relationship with the handling editor, which in their view could affect the objectivity of the review.
  • Considering affiliation, are you affiliated with the same institution as any of the authors? If so, has this resulted in interactions, collaborations, or mutual interests with the authors that would compromise your impartiality in conducting this review?
  • Do you have any financial interest or competing interests in the content of the manuscript that might affect your ability to perform an objective review? 

Research ethics

All research submitted to the NNI bulletin for consideration must have been conducted according to NNI guidelines on study ethics. NNI bulletin reserves the right to reject any manuscript that editors believe does not uphold high ethical standards, even if authors have obtained ethical approval or if ethical approval is not required.

Participation in the Community:

we encourage our intellectual community to participate actively. Societies affiliated with our journal play an important role in encouraging and fostering ethical behavior within our academic communities.

Journal Editors and Reviewers ethics:

  • The publisher supports the efforts of journal editors and peer reviewers in protecting the scholarly record's integrity.
  • The publisher assures that possible advertising, reprint, or other commercial money does not affect editorial decisions. To ensure the integrity of the publication, editorial independence is maintained.
  • Editors are assisted in communicating with other journals and publishers, facilitating collaboration and information exchange.
  • The editors are responsible for all content published in the journal. They are in charge of assuring the material's quality and integrity, as well as upholding the published record's high standards.
  • Editors shall not seek to influence the journal's rating artificially. Scholarly reasons, rather than pressure to reference specific articles, should lead the review process.
  • Editors must protect the anonymity of authors' materials and the identity of reviewers. The material provided by reviewers and correspondence from editors must be handled carefully.
  • Editors must encourage maximum transparency and honesty in their reporting, emphasizing clear authorship policies and adherence to reporting criteria.
  • Editors should respond to criticisms and concerns in a timely and transparent manner.
  • reviewers are required to keep them confidential because manuscripts are sensitive.
  • Reviewers refrain from discussing the content with anybody other than the editorial team out of respect for the writers' intellectual contributions.
  • Reviewers act as ethical sentinels, carefully examining g manuscripts for potential ethical issues such as Plagiarism.
  • Reviewers are encouraged to provide objective evaluations of submissions, focusing on scientific value, methodology, and contribution to the field.
  • Authors bear mutual responsibility for the accuracy and integrity of their work. They must thoroughly review calculations, data presentations, documents, and proofs.
  • Authors must present their findings honestly, without fabrication, falsification, or improper data modification.
  • Authors are responsible for ensuring the integrity of their research and reporting.
  • Authors should declare financial and non-financial conflicts of interest, and editors should critically evaluate ethical behavior.
  • Authors should follow the journal's rules for clinical trial registration and presentation, such as the CONSORT guidelines
  • Journal Template from here.