Dietary patterns among Sample of Metabolic Syndrome Adults in Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


1 1. Nutrition and Food Science Dept., Faculty of Home Economics, Helwan University

2 Clinical Nutrition Dept., National Nutrition Institute

3 General Organization for Teaching Hospitals and Institutes

4 Clinical Nutrition Dept., National Nutrition Institute.


Corresponding author: Akram Hamdan Salem, Clinical Nutrition Dept., National Nutrition Institute. E-mail Mobile: +0201205050243
 20 March 2024 Accepted:
15 May 2024 Published online:
 6 June 2024


The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is composed of cardiovascular and metabolic hazard agents who highly prevalent in adult populations and have a significant financial impact on public health systems globally. Understanding the correlation between eating habits and Metabolic Syndrome is crucial for effective prevention and management. The purpose of the current research was to examine the correlation among nutritional patterns among a sample of Egyptian adults suffering from risk factors for metabolic syndrome (at least 3 risk factors). One hundred adults were included in a cross-sectional study aged from twenty to sixty years attending the National Nutrition Institute (NNI) outpatient clinics. The study involved standardized anthropometric assessments, dietary evaluations, and laboratory assessments. About 73% of the sample was females at 42.9 ± 9.4 years old on average. The majority (85%) of the sample had a secondary school or university degree, and 63% had sufficient income. Nearly 86% of the samples were physically inactive. Most of the studied sample was morbidly obese with a mean BMI of (42.4 ± 11.2), high fasting blood sugar (FBG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and Triglycerides (TG). In conclusion, the findings reveal that specific dietary habits are linked to an increased risk of Mets development.


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