Micronutrient Intake Profile of Egyptian Women in Reproductive Ages

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Field Studies and Survey- National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt

2 Department of Nutritional chemistry and metabolism- National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt

3 . Department of Field Studies and Survey- National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt


Women in low-and middle-income nations face major public health issues related to micronutrient deficiencies. From every region of Egypt, samples of women of fertile age who were neither pregnant nor lactating were chosen at random in several governorates. 4694 women between the ages of 18 and less than 50 years old participated in this study from 2015-2020. Using data from the participant's social relationships, daily consumption, and anthropometric measures, the micronutrient nutritional status was assessed. The results showed that most of the sample participants were between the ages of 25 and 35. In upper Egypt districts women made up 75.1% of university graduates. The frontier regions had the highest numbers of illiteracies, whereas Lower Egypt had the lowest. The highest percentages of professionals working were found in urban areas (37.1%) and upper Egypt (32.4%). Female unemployment was the highest in frontier areas (58.2%). The sample was overweight (29.1%) and obese (49.0%). Females consumed more minerals than they needed, such as sodium and copper. While intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium fell below 50% of the reference daily intake (RDI). Furthermore, the utilization of phosphorus, iron, and zinc fell within the permissible ranges of 77-81%, 77-84%, and 92-105%, respectively. Upper Egypt regions were found to have the lowest vitamin A intake (51%) while the frontier region had the highest rate (122%). All water-soluble vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B1, were above 75% of RDI. This study indicated present poor dietary practices among women and their need for additional nutrition education.


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