Potential Effect of Dietary Vitamins A, C, and E, their Levels in Serum within Asthmatic Children

Document Type : Original Article


1 Nutritional Requirement and Growth department – National Nutrition Institute – Cairo Egypt

2 Outpatient laboratory– National Nutrition Institute – Cairo Egypt


The respiratory allergic ailment is an inflammatory condition joined by oxidative stress. Extra elements of anti-inflammatory factors such as antioxidants may have a curative effect. This study planned the status of vitamins (A, E &C) in food and sera of young some Egyptian children with allergic asthma coming to the National Nutrition Institute (NNI).The study inclsive104 children who attended the pediatric outpatient clinic of NNI during August and September 2014. The subjects in the study, both boys and girls, were randomly selected within the age range from 7-10 years. Asthma signs were assessed by a Chinese version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Data on nutritional status had been collected using specially designed questionnaires to cover required information on food intake (24-hour recall) and dietary pattern (food frequency) for chosen items. Body mass index was calculated based on the bodyweight within kilograms divided by the square of the body height in meters. After an overnight fast of 12 hours, blood samples of 5ml were collected from the children to determine serum levels of vitamin A, E, and C. The outcome revealed decreased daily intake and serum content from vitamin A, E, and C within asthmatic children parallel to normal children. Conclusion Despite the low level of intake antioxidants or there in serum within asthmatic children with no significant differences, they had signs of asthma, which confirms that the decrease in these vitamins, even a small amount, leads to asthma sensitivity.


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